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Monday, 18 Nov 2013

Science Policy & Publishing

Monday, 24 September, 18:30-19:45, Rhodes 6

Disseminating research: From bench to website

This year EMBO Science Policy and EMBO Publications have joint forces to organize a session on scientific publishing and policy.
The aim is to present and discuss the changes taking place in scientific research and publishing, with a focus on the increasing need for data sharing and reproducibility, and their implications for scientists, publishers, research funders, librarians and others.



Michele Garfinkel

Science Policy, EMBO

Welcome & introduction

Biography -

Michele Garfinkel is the Manager of the EMBO Science Policy Programme. Among other topics she focuses on policy options for transitions to open access to scientific publications. Until March 2011 she was a policy analyst at the J. Craig Venter Institute, Rockville, USA. Her research focused on identifying emerging societal concerns associated with new discoveries in genomics and crafting options for policy interventions. Michele graduated in Genetics from the University of California, Berkeley and obtained her Ph.D. in Microbiology from the University of Washington, Seattle. She also holds an M.A. in Science, Technology, and Public Policy from the George Washington University.

Bernd Pulverer

Scientific Publications, EMBO, and The EMBO Journal

Transparent Peer Review -

The peer reviewed research paper remains the main conduit for the exchange of research discoveries. With the growth and diversification of global research, publishing in selected journals and citation metrics are increasingly employed as surrogates for quality in research assessment. Consequently, the pressures to publish in a handful of journals have increased, putting the peer review system under strain. EMBO has implemented a number of mechanisms under its 'transparent peer review' scheme that ensure a fast, fair and informed editorial process.

As the pressures to publish increase, ethical challenges and abuses have come to the fore. Journals have to play a part in establishing standards in reporting research data and in policing them. I will discuss our vision of how papers and the scientific publishing landscape will evolve in the future. This includes the economic challenges in ensuring fair access to papers at highly selective journals.

Biography -

Following undergraduate studies in Cambridge, Bernd received his PhD in 1992 for work on the posttranslational regulation of c-Jun and c-Myc from the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, London. He carried out postdoctoral research at the Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle and at the University of Innsbruck. Bernd was senior editor at Nature from 1999 until 2002 and chief editor of Nature Cell Biology until he joined EMBO in 2009 as chief editor of The EMBO Journal and Head of Scientific Publications.

Thomas Lemberger

Molecular Systems Biology, EMBO

Integrating 'Source Data' Into Scientific Papers -

The effective and unrestricted exchange of peer-reviewed research data is essential to the advancement of science. This requires making published data available, searchable and re-usable. However, these objectives cannot be achieved within the constraints of the current research paper, where research findings are published as textual narratives or visual illustrations, making it difficult to systematically mine and re-use the data. The increasing rate of publications makes the task of retrieving specific information ever more important.

I will discuss some of the associated challenges that are faced both by the scientific community and scientific journals at the policy, technological and economical levels. I will also present the EMBO SourceData project, which aims to integrate data and structured metadata into papers. This should improve the rigour of data reporting and access to research data, enable new search strategies, and link the literature to public biological databases.

Biography -

Thomas Lemberger completed his PhD at the University of Lausanne, where he studied hormonal regulation of gene expression by nuclear receptors. He then moved to Heidelberg where his research focused on the regulation of transcription in the brain. He joined EMBO in 2005 and is Chief Editor of Molecular Systems Biology and Deputy Head of Scientific Publications.

Victoria Stodden

Columbia University, New York

Towards Reproducible Science: Policy and a Path Forward -

The movement toward disseminating reproducible computational research – where the code and data that generated the results are conveniently available – has attracted serious attention from scientists and policy makers. In the life sciences, researchers particularly in the areas collectively called "omics" have pioneered the facilitation of reproducibility through data sharing. Using omics research as an example, in this talk I introduce the foundations of the movement and discuss the changing policy landscape at the levels of the journal, the funding agency, and the United States Congress and White House. I will also discuss new measures currently under consideration and future directions to promote really reproducible research.

Biography -

Victoria Stodden is assistant professor of Statistics at Columbia University and serves as a member of the National Science Foundation's Advisory Committee on Cyberinfrastructure (ACCI), and on Columbia University's Senate Information Technologies Committee. She is one of the creators of SparseLab, a collaborative platform for reproducible computational research and has developed an award winning licensing structure to facilitate open and reproducible computational research, called the Reproducible Research Standard. She is currently working on the NSF-funded project: "Policy Design for Reproducibility and Data Sharing in Computational Science."

Victoria co-chaired a working group on Virtual Organizations for the NSF's Office of Cyberinfrastructure Task Force on Grand Challenge Communities in 2010. She is a Science Commons fellow and a nominated member of the Sigma Xi scientific research society. She also serves on the advisory board for, and on the joint advisory committee for the NSF's EarthCube, the effort to build a geosciences-integrating cyberinfrastructure. She is an Editorial Board member for Open Research Computation and Open Network Biology. She completed her PhD and law degrees at Stanford University.

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